Despite customer objections, Microsoft will keep Windows 11’s minimum system requirements, which include TPM 2.0. However, there is a workaround.
The Windows 11 operating system from Microsoft is now available. People who want to upgrade suitable devices should be aware that the new operating system has some stringent prerequisites. You’ll need 64-bit CPUs, 4GB of RAM, 64GB of storage, UEFI secure boot, and TPM 2.0 to accomplish this.
Despite customer backlash, Microsoft stated in an August blog post that these rules will remain in place. However, the compatibility list has been updated to include a few more chips. The Intel Core X-series and Xeon W-series, as well as select devices featuring the Intel Core 7820HQ, such as the Surface Studio 2, have been added to Microsoft’s list of compatible CPUs.
According to Microsoft, the tight Windows 11 minimum system requirements are centred on speed and security. According to the company’s tests, systems that didn’t match the basic requirements saw 52 percent more kernel mode crashes, also known as the blue screen of death. These criteria are also in line with those for core video conferencing, working, and gaming apps, according to the post.
Those who wish to manually update to Windows 11 on an older device that isn’t on the upgrade list can do it using the Windows Insider programme or Microsoft’s Media Creation Tool (which has allowed many people to upgrade from Windows 7 to Windows 10 for free). However, Microsoft will no longer support that version of Windows 11.
The PC Health Checker app will also tell you why your device might not be compatible and where you can go to find out what to do next. (We have step-by-step instructions on how to use the PC Health Checker software and other methods to see if your PC is ready for Windows 11.) We also have instructions on how to enable TPM and Secure Boot if you have a TPM or Secure Boot issue.)
If you are unable to download Windows 11 and do not wish to purchase a new Windows 11 PC, Microsoft will continue to support Windows 10 until October 2025. And the technology that permits a large number of individuals to get Windows 10 for free is still operational.
For additional information, see what you’ll need to do before installing Windows 11 and what to do if you’re not sure if you should upgrade.
Fix The ‘This PC Can’t Run Windows 11’ Error: 4 Types Of Problems you Could have
On Tuesday, Microsoft began a gradual release of Windows 11. However, Windows 11 is unlikely to be released anytime soon. If you plan on installing the new OS on your current PC, you may have some speed issues due to the new operating system’s system requirements. (Here’s how to get Windows 11 and make a Windows 11 installation disc.)
If you’ve tried installing Windows 11 Insider Preview or using the Microsoft PC Health Check app and get an error message saying “This PC can’t run Windows 11,” it’s possible that your machine is missing two important security settings: TPM 2.0 and Secure Boot (Before you download Windows 11, there are two more things you should do.) These characteristics are incorporated into many modern computers and processor units from Intel and AMD, and both are now necessary for all PCs running Windows 11.
You may start the scanning process by clicking Check Now after you’ve downloaded the PC Health Check app. The tool will tell you whether or not your machine will support Windows 11, as well as what it is missing, and you can click See All Results to learn more.
Enabling TPM (short for Trusted Platform Module) and Secure Boot is usually simple if your machine is recent enough to support both. You won’t need any special talents, and all you’ll be doing is clicking through menus. You might feel out of your element if you’ve never heard the term “BIOS menu,” but don’t be. Any first-timer can do it with a little patience.
Here’s what you need to know.
What Is The Difference Between TPM And Secure Boot ?
TPM microchips are secure cryptoprocessors, which are tiny devices. Some TPMs are virtual or firmware-based, but a TPM is a chip that is installed on your motherboard during the build and is designed to improve hardware security upon startup. Since 2016, a TPM has been required on Windows PCs, therefore devices older than then may lack the requisite hardware or firmware. Previously, Microsoft required original equipment makers to verify that all PCs manufactured to run Windows 10 were TPM 1.2-capable. The most recent version of TPM 2.0 is required.
TPMs are a source of contention among security experts and governments. A TPM that has been upgraded and enabled is a powerful deterrent against firmware attacks, which have been on the rise and have drew Microsoft’s notice. It does, however, allow for remote attestation (approved parties may see when you make specific modifications to your computer) and may limit the applications that your system can execute. TPM-enabled machines aren’t usually delivered to nations where western encryption is prohibited. TCM, China’s state-regulated alternative, is used. TPM use is only permitted in Russia with the government’s consent.
Secure Boot is a feature of your computer’s software that restricts which operating systems can run on the machine. For a Windows PC, this is both a good and a terrible thing. On the one hand, it can protect your computer from certain types of invasive malware and is a key barrier against ransomware.
On the other side, it may block you from installing a second operating system on your computer, leaving you with only two options when you initially turn it on. Secure Boot, for example, could prevent you from experimenting with Linux operating systems. Secure Boot also aids in the prevention of Windows piracy.
Is My Device Capable Of TPM 2.0 And Secure Boot ?
- If the PC Health Checker indicated that TPM isn’t enabled, you should first confirm that this is the case. Here’s how to do it.
- Press the Windows key adjacent to the spacebar + R from your desktop. A dialogue box will appear as a result of this.
- Type tpm.msc into the box’s text field and press Enter. A new window titled “TPM Management on Local Computer” should appear.
- Go to Status and choose it. If the statement “The TPM is ready for use” appears, the PC Health Checker has misdiagnosed you, and the steps below will not help. There are various reasons why you might be seeing the erroneous error message from Microsoft at this point, so your best strategy is to have an expert examine your laptop.
Follow the procedures below if you don’t get that message and instead see “Compatible TPM cannot be found” or another message indicating the TPM is disabled.
How Do I Enable TPM 2.0 ?
You’ll need to access your BIOS menu in order to access your TPM switch, and there are two ways to accomplish it. We’ll go over both of them here. The first approach is for PCs that are a few years old, while the second method is for those that are a few years old. Regardless of which option you choose, you’ll need to restart your computer. Before continuing, save any work and close any open windows or programmes.
From Windows 10’s Start Menu
If you have a newer system running Windows 10, the usual method of pressing a certain key to go to your BIOS menu before Windows can fully launch may be too slow for you. Here’s how to access it from your regular desktop.
- Start your computer normally, then click the Windows button on the far left bottom of your screen to access the Start menu. On the left side of the menu, click the gear-shaped Settings icon.
- Click Update & Security in the Settings window that displays. Click Recovery in the left-hand pane that displays. Click Restart now under the Advanced startup header.
- Instead of restarting and taking you to your typical desktop screen, your computer will immediately restart, leading you to a blue screen with a few alternatives.
- Troubleshoot is the first option, followed by Advanced options, and finally UEFI Firmware Settings.
Your device will reboot once again.
Go to Step 2 in the section below and complete the rest of the instructions.
From The Beginning
For Step 1, you’ll need to be really quick. Before your operating system loads, you’ll only have a few seconds to get into the BIOS. If you miss your window, there’s no harm done; simply restart your computer and try again. However, after Step 1, you are free to take your time.
- Restart your computer, and you should see a notice instructing you to hit a specific key to enter the BIOS, whether that word is used or not. “Press F2 to enter Setup” should appear on most Dells, for example. “Setup = Del” (indicating delete) or “System Configuration: F2” are examples of other notifications. Enter the Setup menu by pressing whatever key the popup advises you to.
Depending on your computer, you may need to use a different key to access the Setup menu. F1, F8, F10, F11, Delete, or another key could be the culprit. If there isn’t an instruction message on the screen, the basic guideline is to press the key when you see the manufacturer’s logo but before Windows loads. Search online for your laptop’s make and model along with the phrase “BIOS key” to figure out which key will let you in.
- There should be at least one Security option or tab in the BIOS or UEFI menu. Navigate to it using your keyboard and press Enter. To expand a submenu on some systems, you may need to press the + key instead.
- You’ll want to seek for the TPM settings once you’ve entered the Security area. This might be titled “TPM Device,” “TPM Security,” or anything similar. It’s sometimes referred to as “PTT” or “Intel Trusted Platform Technology” on Intel devices. It could alternatively be referred to as “AMD fTPM Switch.”
- Keep your wits about you in this area. You can usually erase your TPM, update it, or return it to factory default from most TPM settings menus. That is not something you should do right now. Clearing the TPM will result in the loss of all data encrypted by the TPM as well as all encryption keys. This action cannot be reversed or undone.
- You just have one task from the TPM settings menu: find the switch that turns on the TPM. Nothing else is in your hands. Look through the options in this menu for one that has a toggle or switch next to the words “Enable,” “Unavailable,” or even “Off.” Toggle or switch that toggle or switch with your arrow keys.
- Once the TPM is turned on, search around the screen for Save. Restart the computer after you’ve saved this configuration.
What Is The Procedure For Enabling Secure Boot ?
If you remember one thing about activating Secure Boot, you’ll save yourself a hassle. When you enable Secure Boot on a machine that is running software that isn’t Secure Boot compatible, the machine will sometimes refuse to load Windows properly when you resume it. Don’t be alarmed if this occurs. You didn’t cause any damage.
You can use the classic technique to get back to the boot menu and disable Secure Boot again, regardless of how you got there in the first place — via Windows 10’s Start menu or the traditional method of hitting a certain key during start-up.
From The Start Menu In Windows 10
- You’ll want to seek for the Secure Boot setting once you’re in the UEFI. Check any tabs labelled Boot, Security, or Authentication to see whether this is the case.
- Toggle the switch beside Secure Boot to turn it on or enable it once you’ve checked the tabs and discovered it.
- After you’ve saved your modifications and exited the menu, restart your computer to return to a standard Windows desktop.
On some PCs, the Secure Boot setting may be difficult to locate. Secure Boot keys may be loaded under the Custom tab on some systems. Some systems won’t let you enable Secure Boot until you restore certain factory settings. If you can’t get into Secure Boot or get stuck here, it’s advisable to get professional assistance rather than risk it.
From The Beginning
- As your computer boots up, press F2 (or whatever key your manufacturer prescribes) to enter the BIOS menu, just as you did when enabling your TPM.
- Go to the BIOS Setup tab or option, and then select Advanced.
- Select Boot Options from the drop-down menu, and a list of options should appear.
- Locate Secure Boot in the list. Allow it to work.
- If your computer does not restart automatically, hit Save, exit the menu system, and restart it.
What If I Don’t Have A TPM Chip ?
According to ZDNet, a sister magazine of CNET, motherboard makers occasionally skip installing the real TPM chip and instead ship out boards with only the component that connects the chip to the board. You still have a few choices if you discover that your TPM chip was shorted when you bought your PC and you don’t have a virtual or firmware TPM version.
The first thing you should do is try to return your computer under the terms of your manufacturer’s warranty. That is, providing the manufacturer of your computer is willing to install the chip it has sold you or replace your model with one that does. The second, and most expensive, approach is to simply purchase a newer system after ensuring that it has a TPM 2.0-capable chip.
If your warranty has already been voided, your third (and probably more difficult) alternative is to get a new motherboard with a TPM 2.0 chip installed, then switch out the boards yourself or have your local aftermarket repair shop do it for you. However, be aware that the world’s supply of motherboards has been stretched by the continuing worldwide chip crisis, making them more difficult to come by and driving costs up to $300 to $400 for some manufacturers. Your local repair shop may also be able to assist you in this situation.
Finally, you or your repair business can try your fourth option: locating and installing a TPM chip that meets the criteria for your motherboard. A TPM 2.0-capable chip can cost anywhere from $70 to $1000, depending on the type and where you purchase it. Fortunately, the basic architecture of the boards and chips are similar enough that you can install a TPM chip yourself if you want to get your hands dirty under the hood. Step-by-step instructions are available on ZDNet (with a helpful gallery of pictures to guide you).
Before you attempt to disassemble your machine, we strongly urge you to consult either your manufacturer or a device repair specialist. A few minutes with a qualified specialist could be all it takes to transform your upgrading nightmare into a simple remedy and save you thousands of dollars in replacement costs.
For additional information, see How to Download Windows 11 and How to Use the Best New Windows 11 Features.
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