With more than 99,000 employees at the end of last year, Tesla moved its headquarters from Palo Alto, California to Austin, Texas, although it still has a significant manufacturing and operational presence in California. SpaceX employs about 12,000 people, Mr. Musk said in a recent interview.
Nick Bloom, a professor of economics at Stanford University, said Mr. Musk’s instructions to SpaceX and Tesla employees were among the strictest in the tech companies. Many tech companies have instead considered a hybrid model in which employees can work from home for some time, he said.
Mr. Bloom said he expects SpaceX and Tesla to lose about 10 percent to 20 percent of their current workforce and that recruiters will try to capture employees by offering jobs with more flexible work options.
Many Tesla and SpaceX employees who work in state-of-the-art tech are probably Mr. Musk, but there are also people “who are in general activities like IT, finance, HR and payroll,” Mr. Said Bloom. “They might say: ‘I don’t design cars. I parole employees, and I can do it somewhere else.'”
Anne Dean, head of distribution for the Australian software company Atlasian, whom Mr. Musk’s view is “old.”
“This mentality is hostile and discounts the last two years of collaborative, digital-first work,” Ku said. Dean, who was the former head of remote work at Meta, the owner of Facebook, in an email.
Mr. Musk has long been known as a demanding boss. Sometimes, he tried to set an example by working hard to help increase production in 2018, holding late night meetings, sending emails every hour, and sleeping in a Tesla factory.