U.S. and European Leaders Reach Deal on Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy

American and European Union leaders said on Friday they had reached an “agreement in principle” to make it legal to transfer personal data across the Atlantic, revoking a previous agreement when a court found it had not done enough to protect it. Came. Europeans from the American Surveillance Program.

The agreement includes “unprecedented security for data privacy and security for our citizens,” President Biden told a news conference in Brussels.

The deal provides a way for Europeans to raise objections if they feel their privacy has been violated, including an “independent data protection review court,” the White House said in a statement released after the news conference. The European Commission said in a joint statement that the deal needed to be finalized, adding that the White House would put its commitments into executive order.

Businesses sending European Union data to American servers have pushed governments to reach new deals. Since the last agreement was revoked more than 18 months ago, regulators in European countries have said that companies cannot use certain web services, such as Google Analytics and Mailchimp, as doing so could violate Europeans’ privacy rights.

Facebook’s parent company Meta said earlier this year that it could suspend its services in Europe if governments do not resolve their differences. Google’s top advocate called for “swift action to restore a pragmatic framework that protects privacy and promotes prosperity.”

Friday’s announcement is the latest development in a long debate over how far governments and tech companies should go to protect users’ privacy. Europe’s Supreme Court has twice rejected agreements governing the flow of trans-Atlantic data between the United States and the European Union, saying the data would run counter to American surveillance programs.

Nick Clegg, president of global affairs at Meta, said, “With growing concerns about global Internet fragmentation, this agreement will help keep people connected and keep services up.” Wrote on Twitter“It will provide invaluable certainty for American and European companies of all sizes, including Meta, relying on data transfer quickly and securely.”

But it was unclear whether the new covenant would be enough to satisfy privacy concerns. Max Shrems, an activist whose group Noyb (such as: “None of your business”) has tried to invalidate trans-Atlantic agreements, said in a statement that they were skeptical of the deal and would carefully analyze their organization’s details.

“If it is not in line with EU law, we or any other group will challenge it,” he said.

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